Aswan is situating 890Km to the south of Cairo and 220Km to the south of Luxor. Aswan is the third most popular place to visit in Egypt, behind Cairo and Luxor. Aswan’s name is deriving from the ancient Egyptian word “Swan”, which means “the market” because it was located on the main trade route between Egypt and the southern lands; with gold, slaves and ivory passing into Egypt. In addition, Aswan the major source of granite, sandstone and quartzite used in the construction of the various monuments throughout Egypt. Aswan became very important after the construction of the High Dam as it became a refuge for those Nubians who chose to flee to Egypt after the waters flooded their homelands, as well as becoming the worldwide rescue campaign of the Nubian monuments during and after its construction. In ancient times, the God Khnum was the major God of the city, but the Goddess Isis, Goddess of magic and maternity, later replaced him in the Greco Roman period. A temple was build for her on the Island of Philae, which had to be move, along with other structures, when the waters of Lake Nasser engulfed the island. Though still known as “the Temples of Philae, they can now be accessed on the nearby Agilika Island. Because of the location of Aswan, just north of the Tropic Of Cancer, the city enjoys a very hot climate throughout the year and it is advice to cover your head when walking about and drink water constantly.
Aswan Sightseeing and attractions:
this Lake It is considered the largest artificial lake all over the world. The
lake is located between two countries the largest portion which is 83%
of its total size in the Egyptian territory and the other portion named Lake
Nubia which located in Sudan. The lake formed as a result of the
accumulated water in front of the High Dam after it was built. It is
named Lake Nasser as a dedication the late president
Kom Ombo Temple:
The Kom Ombo Temple is an unusual double temple built during the
Ptolemaic dynasty in the Egyptian town of Kom Ombo. Some additions
to it were later made during the Roman period. This building is unique
because of its double design meant that there were courts, halls,
sanctuaries and rooms duplicated for two sets of gods. The southern
half of the temple was dedicated to the crocodile god Sobek, god of
fertility and creator of the world with Hathor and Khonsu. Meanwhile, the
northern part of the temple was dedicated to the falcon god Haeroris.
Temple of Philae:
Philae Island was a rocky island in the middle of the River Nile, south of
Aswan It was also known by the Greek "Elephantine", most probably
because it was an important centre of trade, especially for ivory.The
Temple of Isis is one of the greatest Temples in Egypt and it occupies a
bout a quarter of the island. It is the main Temple on the island, with its
complete, pylons and beautiful scenes. In addition to the main Temple
of Isis there are other monuments here, such as The Kiosk of Trajan, the
Chapel of Osiris, The Temple of Horus, The Temple of Hathor,
The Gateway of Tiberius, the Gateway of Diocletian, and the
Temple of Augustus
Temple of Kalabsha:
Kalabsha Temple or (Temple of Mandulis) is an Ancient Egyptian temple
that was originally located at Bab al-Kalabsha (Gate of Kalabsha), south
of Aswan. The temple was situated on the West Bank of the Nile River, in
Nubia, and was originally built during the early Roman era. While the
temple was constructed in Augustus's reign, it was never finished.
The temple was a tribute to Mandulis (Merul), a Lower Nubian sun God.
It was constructed over an earlier sanctuary of Amenhotep II. The structure
dates to the Roman period, it features many fine reliefs such as (a fine
carving of Horus emerging from reeds on the inner curtain wall) of the temple.
Aswan Dam (The High Dam):
It is an embankment dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan.
Since the 1950s. Construction of the High Dam became a key objective
of the Egyptian Government following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952,
as the ability to control floods, provide water for irrigation, and generate
hydroelectricity were seen as pivotal to Egypt's industrialization.
The High Dam was constructed between 1960 and 1970, and has had
a significant impact on the economy and culture of Egypt. Before the dam
was built, the Nile River flooded every year during late summer, when water flowed down the valley. These floods brought high water and natural
minerals that annually enriched the fertile soil along the flood plain and
delta; this had made the Nile valley ideal for farming since ancient times.
Abu Simbel Temples:
Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples in Abu Simbel in
Nubia,southern Egypt. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser. The Nubian Monuments run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae
(near Aswan). The twin temples were originally carved out of the
mountainsideduring the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II in the 13th century
BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to
commemorate his allegedvictory at the Battle of Kadesh, and to intimidate
his Nubian neighbors.
Bait El-Wali Temple:
Bait el-Wali Temple is a rock-cut Ancient Egyptian temple in Nubia which
was built by Pharaoh Ramses II. It was the first in a series of temples
built by Ramses II in this region; its name Bait el-Wali means
(House of the Holy Man) and may indicate its previous use as by a
Christian hermit at some point in time. The temple was relocated
during the 1960s as a result of the Aswan High Dam project and moved
towards higher ground along with the Temple of Kalabsha.
Valley of the Lions-Wadi es-Sebua-(this name is because of the sphinx-
lined approach to the temple forecourts,) is the site of two New Kingdom
Egyptian temples, including one speos temple built by Ramses II, in
Lower Nubia. The first temple was built by Amenhotep III and subsequently restored by Ramses II. In its first stage, this temple consisted of a rock-cut sanctuary (about 3 m by 2 m) fronted by a brick
-built pylon, a court and a hall, partly painted with wall paintings.
Pentu's tomb is one of the six Northern tombs at Amarna. The tomb is
located to the south of the Meryra Tomb. The tomb is very similar to the
Ahmes tomb. It is T-shaped and the inner chamber would have served as
the burial chamber. The tomb is decorated and scenes include a visit from
the royal family to the temple and a reward scene. North Wall: The royal
family is shown entering the temple On the South Wall Penthu is depicted
in another award scene but this one takes place at the palace.
The Nubian Village:
The three Nubian Villages that are set in a beautiful landscape of the palm
trees are located in the bottom of the Elephantine Islands. Have a great
time as you undergo the experience of how they earn tie livelihood that
hey happily show to you. In the Pharaonic times these villages of great
significance as they wee source of gold.
The unfinished Obelisk:
It is located in Aswan and considered to be the largest ancient obelisk;
higher than any other Egyptian obelisk if it was completed. This obelisk
never been completed for a fatal crack while its creators carved it. It was
carved directly out of the bedrock at the ancient granite quarry.